Native American Slavery in the 13 Colonies

In the 13 Colonies of the 1600s, between 2 and 5.5 million Native Americans were sold into slavery. The people sold on the slave markets in the South during the 1600s were indigenous Black people (status altered to conceal the true identity of Native Americans) who lived right here in this Hemisphere before the transatlantic slave trade started. African Mende Script was found on rocks and in caves with similar writing systems to Cherokee Script. Cherokee writing Script (1832-33) is an Indigenous Script in North America connected with Sub-Saharan Africa Scripts of Liberia and Sierra Leone. Also, a relatively modern script in Liberia was found which may have Cherokee influence between Cherokee and West Africa. (Examining the Origin of the VAI Script by Konrad Tuchscherer, Vol 29 2002, p. 427 to 486).
Native Americans (Indians) were classified as Negroes and Blacks in the slave books of Seville Spain. Slaves from Terranova show up in the slave markets of Seville and Valencia very soon after 1500. For example; in Valencia during the period to 1516, found in 1503 Miguel, Manne, in 1505 Juan and Pedro, in 1507 Antonio and Juan Amarco, in 1515 Ali, now Melchor, in 1516 Catalina. … they were classified as Negroes…”. If slaves were first brought to North America around 1619 or even 1555, how were slaves being taken from Newfoundland to Europe? Keep in mind that one of the “Native Americans” had the name “Ali” and all were classified as Negro once they reached Valencia. How did a Native American in 1515 have the Moorish name “Ali”?
Globally, Indigenous populations are referred to as Negroes. In the Portuguese colony of Brazil, Natives were called negros da terra meaning Negroes of the land. The early Virginia legislature identified Moors and Negroes separately. Documentation exists in which individuals were described as “Negro African.”
Columbus became the first man known in history to send slaves across the Atlantic. Other nations rushed to emulate Columbus. In 1501, the Portuguese began to depopulate the Beothuk Indians to Cape Verde as slaves. Black Indian slavery destroyed the Indian nations of Natchez, Yamasee, Pequots, and Mohegan Tribes. Because of this, the first African slave raid took place in 1505 and was spearheaded by Columbus’ son. When the Moors (Indians) of America began dying and committing suicide the labor was replaced with slaves from the Sahara in West Africa.
Historians note that nowhere is there more authentic documentation than in South Carolina, also known as the original English colony of Carolina, established in 1670. Between 1650 and 1730 at least 50,000 Natives (and likely more due to transactions hidden to avoid paying government tariffs and taxes) were exported by the English to their Caribbean outposts.
Between 1670 and 1717, far more Native Americans (Indians) were exported than Africans were imported. In southern coastal regions, entire tribes were exterminated through slavery compared to disease or war. In a law passed in 1704, Indian slaves were conscripted to fight in wars for the colony long before the American Revolution.
The Indian slave trade covered an area from as far west and south as New Mexico (then Spanish territory) northward to the Great Lakes. Historians believe that all tribes in this vast swath of land were caught up in the slave trade in one way or another, either as captives or as traders. Slavery was part of the larger strategy to depopulate the land to make way for European settlers.
As early as 1636, after the Pequot War in which 300 Pequots were massacred, those who remained were sold into slavery and sent to Bermuda. Major slaving ports included Boston, Salem, Mobile, and New Orleans. From those ports, Native Americans (Indians) were shipped to Barbados by the English, Martinique, and Guadalupe by the French and the Antilles by the Dutch. Indian (Native American) slaves were also sent to the Bahamas as the “breaking grounds” where they might have been transported back to New York or Antigua.
The Pequot War was an armed conflict between the Pequot Tribe and an alliance of the English colonists of the Massachusetts Bay, Plymouth, and Saybrook Colonies and their Native American allies (the Narragansett and Mohegan Tribes) occurring between 1634 and 1638. The Pequot Tribe lost the war. In the end, about 700 Pequots had been killed or taken into captivity. Hundreds of prisoners were sold into slavery to the West Indies; other survivors were dispersed.
In the beginning, Black and Mongoloid (in appearance) Native Americans sold each other into slavery to provide the Americans and British with labor. After the Yamasee War in 1715, most of the Native American slaves came from the Black Choctaw, Cree, Chickasaws, Yamasee Nations, etc. In this way, there was the denial of the fact Black Native Americans ever existed. If not for the art and official records dating back to this period, Black Native Americans would still be invisible. The presence of mtDNA hg N and A; and the Y-chromosome hg R1b and A1, testify to the ancient African presence in the Americas.
The historical record indicates a perception that Native Americans (Indians) did not make good slaves. When they were not shipped far from their home territories, they too easily escaped and were given refuge by other Indians if not in their own communities. They died in high numbers on the transatlantic journeys and succumbed easily to European diseases. By 1676, Barbados banned "Indian Slavery" citing “too bloody and dangerous an inclination to remain here.”